The study is part of the project aimed at revealing the mechanisms of discursive construction of international
relations (IR). It examines the functions of the categories ‘strength’ and ‘weakness’ in discursive
representations of states as political actors. The research draws on assumptions of social constructionism
and CDA. The data include recent speeches by Russian and Polish Ministers of Foreign
Affairs. The paper argues that the opposition ‘strength vs. weakness’ is essential in the construction of IR
in discourse. We focus on how nation states and their qualities are represented in foreign policy discourse,
and which of these qualities conceptualise the categories of strength and weakness. We demonstrate that
the two categories constitute a relational pair; however, the category of strength is expressed more explicitly
than that of ‘weakness’, and the axiological charge of ‘strength’ changes depending on the actor that
it represents. An array of linguistic tools is employed in constructing the opposition, and, consequentially,
the IR between the political actors. The paper suggests that social actors and their qualities can be viewed
as social categories that are perpetually constructed and re-constructed in discourse. The research develops
the theory of discourse and demonstrates how discourse analysis contributes to the study of social practices
and helps interpret current social phenomena.
Based on the sources on religious-philosophical thought of the Bengal Renaissance
(XIX — early XX century), author represents the process and results of creating of the Hinduism’s image by Brahmo Samaj leaders (Rammohun Roy, Debendranath Tagore, Keshubchandra Sen) and Neo-Hindu thinkers (Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay, Swami Vivekananda). Perceived from European orientalists, the term ‘Hinduism’ was filled the meanings and content by Bengal thinkers according to the epoch’s needs. For explaining of the features of the image construction method and results, multiple influences on Bengali thinkers are described, such as the influences of traditional Sanskrit education and intellectual culture, caste consciousness, Islam, Christianity, European orientalism and scientific rationalism. Using
hermeneutical, axiological and comparative methods, the Bengal thinkers had created the image of Hinduism, which contained the experience of critical analysis of indigenous religious trends and the experience of creation of ‘ideal type’ (M. Weber) of native religion. General image of Hinduism has two sides in representation of positive and negative facets both for Indians and for the World.
В статье представлены результаты проведенных в условиях лаборатории радиационного контроля с использованием гамма - спектрометрического комплекса СКС-07П измерений образцов строительных, отделочных материалов, сельскохозяйственной продукции (меда), на содержание в них следующих радионуклидов: 137Cs, 40K, 226Ra, 232Th для города Пензы и Пензенской области. Полученные зависимости позволяют утверждать, что существуют зависимости между эсхаляцией радона, видом строительных и отделочных материалов. Кроме того, выявлены сезонные колебания интенсивности выделения радона.
The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the development of the tools for cloud services, which allow to organize mass production of multimedia interactive online services of the Real Estate for consumers from around the world, based on stereo and 3D-content and on the organizational model where content (text, pictures, video, animation, tests, etc.) are prepared by professionals from Penza State University, Russian State University for Tourism and Services and HHH University, and the automated assembly output, including its localization (translation) to other languages with the aim of exporting them via the Internet, provides the instrumental software package of Multimedia Technologies Ltd. The E-Systems is using in the academic master's program, developed by the Russian State University for Tourism and Service.